What Happened Today – July 19?
History is who we are and why we are the way we are – David McCullough
It’s hard to know everything that had happened in history. But, at least a few important events, that changed our way of living, should be remembered.
On this day –
1545 – In the Battle of the Solent, King Henry VIII’s flagship Mary Rose sank at Portsmouth, resulting in 73 deaths. The wreck was raised in 1982 and put on display in 2013.
1595 – Astronomer Johannes Kepler develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe while teaching in Graz, in an epiphany.
1843 – The steamship SS Great Britain, the very first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, was successfully launched.
1848 – 1st US Women’s Rights Convention was launched with the opening of the Seneca Falls Convention, organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, which sought to gain certain rights and privileges for women, notably the right to vote.
1870 – The French emperor Napoleon III declared war on Prussia, beginning the Franco-German War.
1884 – Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Maud Watson becomes inaugural female champion by beating her sister Lillian Watson 6–8, 6–3, 6–3.
1913 – The first ever “Last Week’s 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs” was released by BillBoard, with Malinda’s “Wedding Day” at #1.
1877 – 1st Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: 27-year-old English rackets player Spencer Gore wins inaugural event against William Marshall in 6-1, 6-2, 6-4.
1903 – French bicyclist Maurice Garin won the first Tour de France, which covered 2,428 km (1,508 miles).
1910 – Cleveland Indian baseball player Cy Young registers 500th career victory against Washington 5-4 in 11 innings.
1941 – British PM Winston Churchill launches his “V for Victory” campaign.
1941 – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC).
1941 – Tom and Jerry appeared for the very first time under their own names in cartoon “The Midnight Snack” by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera.
1947 – Aung San, Burmese nationalist leader and prime minister, was assassinated in Rangoon, which is now Yangon, Myanmar.
1969 – Apollo 11 goes into Moon orbit.
1983 – The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
2001 – The skull of one of the oldest known species in the human family tree – Sahelanthropus tchadensis, was discovered by Michael Brunet in the Djurab Desert, Chad. The species is said to be 6-7 million years old.
2007 – The first episode of Mad Men was aired, starring Jon Hamm. The series went on to become a critical and commercial hit, famous for its stylish visual flair.
2011 – “Captain America: The First Avenger”, directed by Joe Johnston, starring Chris Evans and Hayley Atwell, premiered in Los Angeles.
2013 – Selena Gomez’s debut solo studio album “Stars Dance” was released.
2018 – The Russian ship Dmitri Donskoii, which sank in the year 1905, with possible cargo of gold coins, was discovered in waters between South Korea and Japan.
2019 – Largest wind farm in Africa opened at Lake Turkana, Kenya, generating 310 megawatts.