What Happened Today – July 22?

I am what time, circumstance, history, have made of me, certainly, but I am also, much more than that. So are we all. – James Baldwin

On this day:

259 – Saint Dionysius elected as Pope, succeeding Sixtus II

1099 – First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem

1456 – Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade): Hungarian army under Janos Hunyadi beats Sultan Murad II

1515 – First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire – rise of the Habsburgs influence

1793 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada

1812 – The duke of Wellington defeated “40,000 Frenchmen in 40 minutes” at Salamanca, Spain, during the Peninsular War.

1923 – American baseball player Walter Johnson became the first pitcher in the MLB to strike out 3,000 batters; his career record of 3,508 strikeouts stood until 1983.

1933 – Caterina Jarboro sings “Aida” at the New York Hippodrome, becoming the 1st black female opera singer to perform in the US

1942 – Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp

1955 – Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

1959 – Ed Wood’s cult classic “plan 9 from outer space”, called one of the worse films ever, premieres

1963 – Sarawak achieves independence from British colonial rule

2011 – Norway is the victim of twin terror attacks, the first a bomb blast targeting government buildings in central Oslo, second a massacre at a youth camp on island of Utøya

2013 – Prince George Alexander Louis of Cambridge, the first child of Prince William, duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, duchess of Cambridge, was born in London

2013 – A series of earthquakes in Dingxi, China, kills at least 89 people and injures more than 500 others

2017 – South African golfer Branden Grace records lowest round for a men’s major championship – 62 in 3rd round at British Open, Royal Birkdale, England

2019 – India’s lunar mission, Chandrayaan-2 successfully takes off from Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota aiming to be fourth nation to soft-land on the moon

2019 – Marvel superhero film “Avengers: Endgame” becomes the world’s highest-grossing film overtaking “Avatar” earning $2.9 billion

2019 – Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan meets with US President Donald Trump at the White House in Washington, D.C.

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