What Happened Today – July 29?

History is a cyclic poem written by time upon the memories of man – Percy Bysshe Shelley

On this day:

1279 – Five emissaries dispatched by Kublai Khan from the Mongol Yuan dynasty are beheaded by Japan.

1588 – The Spanish Armada, the great fleet sent by King Philip II of Spain to invade England was defeated by an English naval force under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake, eight hours after it was first sighted by the English off Lizard Point, Cornwall.

1609 – Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs at Ticonderoga, New York setting the stage for French-Iroquois conflicts for the next 150 years

1715 – A hurricane was the cause of 10 Spanish treasure galleons to sink off Florida coast.

1836 – The Arc de Triomphe, the largest triumphal arch in the world, was officially inaugurated in Paris.

1872 – Nathaniel P. Langford and James Stevenson made the first ascent of Grand Teton, the highest peak of the Teton Range in Wyoming.

1900 – Italian King Umberto I was shot to death by an Italian-born anarchist, Gaetano Bresci, in Monza, Italy.

1905 – US Secretary of War William Howard Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines

1907 – Sir Robert Baden-Powell forms Boy Scouts in England.

1921 – Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the National Socialist German Workers’ (NAZI) party, which ruled Germany as a totalitarian state from 1933 to 1945.

1954 – The first part of J.R.R. Tolkien’s fantasy epic “The Lord of the Rings” was published. The series was adapted into a series of blockbuster films in the early 2000s.

1958 – The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), a civilian agency responsible for coordinating America’s activities in space was established by the US Congress in a legislation passed.

1981 – Prince Charles married Lady Diana Spencer in a grand ceremony at St. Paul’s Cathedral, which was broadcasted live in 74 countries, with nearly one billion viewers.

1996 – Carl Lewis – the track and field legend, won his fourth consecutive Olympic gold medal in the long jump.

2000 – Brad Pitt and Jennifer Aniston, one of the Hollywood’s highest-profile couples, get married at the Malibu, California.

2015 – The Redmond giant Microsoft released Windows 10.

2016 – Hillary Clinton accepts the Democratic nomination for US President at Democratic convention in Philadelphia – first woman by a major US party

2019 – Record for longest run at the top of US singles chart made by country rap single “Old Town Road” by Lil Nas X remixed with Billy Ray Cyrus, No. 1 for 17 weeks

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